How insulin works Understand the benefits of injecting insulin IMG_3049 Photo Credit: TNL Brand Studio In this episode "Enjoy Life", Dr. Liu Hanwen, Department of Metabolism, Wanfang Hospital is invited to share. Physician Liu Hanwen from the Department of Metabolism, Wanfang Hospital pointed out: "The most important hormone in our body to regulate blood sugar is insulin, and insulin is secreted by pancreatic beta cells.
The core cause of type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance Image Manipulation Service and the lack of insulin secretion ability. "For example, a unit of insulin can reduce blood sugar by ten milligrams, allowing the sugar in the blood to enter the cells and be metabolized by cells to store energy, but because of insulin resistance, a unit of insulin only reduces blood sugar by five milligrams, which stimulates the secretion of beta cells. More insulin is released to bring blood sugar down.
When the blood sugar has exceeded the level that the beta cells can handle, it is easy to fatigue after working hard for a long time, resulting in the decline of the beta cells. "At this time, if external insulin intervenes at the right time, it can make up for the lack of insulin and let the beta cells rest, so that the function of the beta cells can be maintained for a longer time. Many patients can stop injecting insulin after half a year or a year, which is also the advantage of injecting insulin early. one." 01:32 Causes of Type 2 Diabetes 15:19 How insulin works Even so, Liu Hanwen said with a bit of regret that when he offered insulin injections to patients clinically, the patients would be very resistant, because everyone always thought that insulin injections meant that the kidneys were damaged, or that they should continue to be used at the beginning.